World Press Freedom Day 2018: Keeping Power in Check: Media, Justice and the Rule of Law
Port Moresby, July, 25th, 2017 (RSF). Many media freedom violations were noted during the general elections held in Papua New Guinea from 24 June to 8 July. Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns them, including a gag order on a well-known blogger as a result of a complaint by the head of the electoral commission
Papua New Guinea is a country that is not often showcased in the media. The country is usually not known for his media freedom violations (it is ranked 51st out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2017 World Press Freedom Index), however, recently, this Pacific country has hit the news.
Indeed, the electoral period was characterized by many violations: journalists who went to cover the elections in the northern province of Madang were kept at bay by the police and the electoral commission. In the capital, Port Moresby, the media were not allowed to film or take photos in the city’s main vote- counting centre. Amid many reports on social networks of vote-buying and violence, the authorities also took alarming measures against citizen-journalists, most notably blogger Martyn Namorong after he referred to electoral commissioner Patilias Gamato as a “tomato” in one of his many posts criticizing the chaotic elections.
The national court, located in the Port Moresby district of Waigani, responded by issuing a gag order, banning Namorong from publishing further “defamatory remarks” on Facebook and Twitter. “Journalists and citizen-journalists have a duty to inform the public about what has gone wrong during an election.” RSF said. “The courts and the authorities must recognize that Martyn Namorong committed no crime and must therefore lift the censorship order imposed on him.”
An international NGO that defends the freedom to inform, RSF added: “A country cannot claim to be democratic just because it holds elections. It must also respect and protect media freedom, which is the cornerstone of every democracy.”
Namorong’s lawyer, Christine Copland, said her client had no chance to speak when the gag order was imposed because court officials said they could not locate him to serve the documents.
Namorong’s response to the order was to post a photo of himself blindfolded and gagged. After another hearing was scheduled for tomorrow, he tweeted: “I am as cool as a cucumber about tomorrow’s hearing as my lawyers are no couch potatoes.”