englishespagñolfrançais
Radio
print the article


Related articles
  1. Radio Training workshop in South Sudan
  2. Radio Cop22, serving the worldwide community radio movement
  3. The eleventh Catholic Radio operational in Kenya
  4. Radio Exchanges Across Borders
  5. Workshop on interactive radio for family farming and food security in Asia-Pacific
  6. Community radio podcast in the Philippines.
  7. SIGNIS Asia radio workshop in Indonesia
  8. Indian students trained for community radio
  9. Congolese Radio Drama to change Human rights and Health
  10. Cultural Survival Announces Indigenous Community Radio Grant Initiative
  11. Forty years of Radio Veritas Asia’s Mandarin Service
  12. A radio show for HIV positive South-Africans
  13. Liberian radio show on civics education
  14. Inspiration FM... Promoting Morals, Preserving Family Values
  15. Bringing environmental advocacy to Philippine airwaves
  16. Two new Community Radio Stations in Kenya
  17. A new portable FM radio transmitter now available in crisis regions
  18. New radio show to empower Nigerian women
  19. Bangladesh’s first Catholic radio is now on air
  20. A Radio Station To Heal Central African Republic
  21. Community radios in disaster prone Indian disctricts
  22. A radio station in South Sudan tries to reach more audience
  23. Ugandan CBS FM Turns 20
  24. Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication’s (BNNRC) wins UN prize
  25. Radio Maria Malawi mentors young journalists
  26. Community radio stations in Africa
  27. BBC World Service Radio Expands in West Africa
  28. Giyani Community Radio celebrates its 2 years anniversary
  29. AMARC condemns threats against Syrian community radio ARTA FM
  30. Radio station as a tool for Ethiopian farmers
  31. Community Radio seminar on Disaster Risk Reduction
  32. South Africa licences over 140 community radio stations
  33. New Catholic Radio Station in South Sudan
  34. Kasese Guide Radio working for the community in Uganda
  35. AMARC Asia-Pacific reacts to the closing down of community radio stations in Japan
  36. Tackling cholera through radio in Kenya
  37. AMARC to fight against Zika in Latin America and the Carribbean
  38. New community radio in Guatemala
  39. Peace Radio Network launched in South Sudan
  40. Call to participation “Communicating Development”: an international audio series
  41. Radio Emmanuel: giving a voice to the voiceless
  42. Afghan women’s radio
  43. Veritas Pilipinas to receive Hildegarde journalism Award
  44. Women’s voices: an international audio series
  45. The role of community radios in the promotion of Algeria
  46. World Radio Day celebrated around the world
  47. Ghetto Radio: Nairobi’s voice of the streets
  48. World Radio Day
  49. Kokoyah break ground for first community radio station in Botota (Liberia)
  50. Support indigenous community radio in Guatemala
  51. New radio programme to raise awareness of the dangers of climate change
  52. New Catholic radio station seeks to promote peace and reconciliation in Kenya.
  53. Join AMARC for the World Radio Day
  54. The Syliphone archive
  55. "Stories from the soils": a collection of stories
  56. Radyo Natin-Guimba serves as model for new community radio stations in the Philippines
  57. Ethiopian Catholic Church to use radio during the Year of Mercy
  58. First Central American Indigenous Radio Conference
  59. Indian students exposed to community radio
  60. Mediacorp celebrates 80 years of radio with year-long initiative
  61. Premier Radio makes official complaint to Equalities Commission after cinemas ban Nativity advert
  62. Radio sets distributed to promote FM radio in India
  63. Young Ivorian reporters broadcast to their community
  64. New radio habits in Namibia
  65. AMARC International Board met in Paris
  66. The World Radio communication Conference
  67. Radio Maria will be broadcasting in Arabic
  68. UK International Radio Drama Festival 2016
  69. 16 Days of activism against gender-based violence
  70. Second anniversary of the Upendo FM radio station in Kenya
  71. ECOWAS TV and radio channels will come on stream in 2017
  72. Central Mindanao radio station wins CMMA award
  73. Remembering Vatican Radio’s Bernard Decottignies
  74. Preaching across the demilitarized zone in Korea
  75. Indigenous Community Radio Coordinator Visits Radios in Central America
  76. The role of Women in Latin American radio history
  77. BBC stands by ‘unpopular’ religious Radio 4 programmes
  78. International Rafto prize for Honduran Priest and radio activist for defending freedom of expression
  79. Towards COP21: Broadcasting the voices of the communities - An international radio series
  80. AMARC - Global Fund for Radio Campaigns
  81. Jack Byrne, media literacy and Community radio in Dublin
  82. AMARC launches international community radio programme
  83. Sri Lanka : Specialized bible story CDs popular at Colombo book fair
  84. Radio Maria Uganda Gulu Substation embraces the national workshop resolution
  85. Pope Francis to release a pop-rock album!
  86. Portugal : Radio Renascença interviewed Pope Francis
  87. Papua: SSR together with diocesan radio stations
  88. AMARC 11: New management, new challenges for Community Radio broadcasters
  89. Twenty Catholic radio stations will be active in Kenya by 2020
  90. World Radio Day 2015: Youth and Radio
  91. First Christian Radio Launched in Pakistan
  92. Kenyan Diocese of Isiolo Set to Launch its Radio Station
  93. Catholic Radio Journalist Murdered in Central African Republic
  94. Official Opening of the World Radio Day 2013 Platform
  95. Vatican Radio: From Short Waves to New Communications Strategies
  96. SSR Provides New Portable FM Radio Station
  97. Online campaign for Radio Shalom in Sierra Leone
  98. "Kalam Ke Geet", New Audio Production of WAVE Studio Lahore
  99. First UNESCO World Radio Day on February 13
  100. Community Media and the Arab Spring Conference to be held in Tunis March 2012
  101. “Value of Radio” Workshop in Lahore, Pakistan
  102. Vatican Radio: Around the World in 80 Years
  103. L’Osservatore Romano Offers Free Radio Program
  104. AMARC 10 Global Conference in La Plata, Argentina
  105. Australia’s Newest Catholic Media, CRADIO - An Internet Radio Station
  106. Suriname’s Radio Katolika on the Internet
  107. Radio Dialogue Losing Patience over Licence Delays
  108. Haiti: AMARC Calls on Community Broadcasters to Rally in Support
  109. Radio for Peacebuilding Africa Awards 2009 Promotes Empowerment and Peacebuilding
  110. Radio Program Empowers Young People in Cambodia
  111. Radio for Peacebuilding Africa Awards 2009
  112. Faith Satellite Radio and SIGNIS Services Rome Begin a New Phase
  113. 4th Pan African Conference of AMARC Africa Reinforces Community Radio Networks in Africa
  114. Radio Pacis in Uganda Wins Capacity Building Award
  115. Radio BOSCO FM 89.9 Celebrates its 4th Anniversary in the Solomons
  116. Radio Voices Without Frontiers 2009
  117. First World Congress of Catholic Radios Focuses on Identity and Future
  118. H2Onews: Vatican Radio at the Service of Worldwide Radio
  119. H2Onews: The Radio, the Modern Pulpit
  120. H2Onews: World Congress of Catholic Radio
  121. Faith Satellite Radio to Air American Catholic Radio Programming
  122. Faith Satellite Radio to Air Maryknoll Programming
  123. BBC Helps Award Winning Radio Pacis to Launch FM Frequency
  124. Bosco FM Celebrates 3 Years of Community Broadcasting
  125. Zimbabwe: Radio Dialogue Recording from Prison to Be Broadcast on BBC
  126. Cambodia: Catholic Church Uses Radio To Inform, Empower Youth
  127. Faith Satellite Radio Begins Shipping to Africa
  128. Catholic Radio Stations in the US Set to Double
  129. First Conference of AMARC Africa - MENA in Rabat, Morocco
  130. Portuguese-speaking Radios Meet in Portugal on the 10th Anniversary of VOX
  131. Voz Latina Radio wins another Gabriel Award
  132. 19th URTI International URTI Radio Grand Prix
  133. Kenya: Church to open three new radio stations
  134. Pakistan: WAVE Celebrates 30 Years of Interreligious Dialogue
  135. Faith Satellite Radio and SIGNIS to Offer Satellite Radio in Africa
  136. Radio RTK of Malta Celebrates 15 Years of Broadcasting
  137. Trinity FM, Catholic Radio Station of Papua New Guinea Celebrates 4th Anniversary
  138. RKK Calls for Easter Radio Programs
  139. Radio Bakhita, first Catholic radio station in Sudan launched
  140. Voz Latina Radio Wins Gabriel Award
  141. Radio for Peacebuilding Awards 2006
  142. AMARC Launches Forum on Social Impact of Community radio
  143. SIGNIS Africa Radio Workshop in Dar es Salaam: "Behaviour Change Through Radio"
  144. UNICEF/OneWorld Radio competition for Youth Broadcast
  145. Radio Dialogue: Speaking to the Community through "Taxi Tunes"
  146. AMARC Africa Round Table on Community Radio
  147. Community Radio to Come to Kiribati
  148. Malaysia’s First Community Based Online Radio Station Goes on Air
  149. Family Theater Productions podcasting Voz Latina dramatic radio series
  150. Listen to the “Voices of our World” online
  151. Radio BOSCO Solomon Celebrates its First Anniversary
  152. Pontiff Notes a Milestone for Vatican Radio
  153. Asia-Pacific gets new regional network for community radio

The role of Women in Latin American radio history

New York, Brussels, October 22nd, 2015 (SIGNIS/Cambridge Press/ Christine Erick). For the last few years, historians have been giving more importance to the role of women in the media and radio. For a long time, the idea was that men dominated the media and women were only the consumers. Studies are now changing this image. The latest book of the American historian Christine Ehrick is a good example. It is called “Radio and the Gendered Soundscape. Women and Broadcasting in Argentina and Uruguay, 1930–1950”.

To introduce her book, she wrote: “Woman and microphone are incompatible”. She found this line as a conclusion in an unsigned column in a March 1934 issue of the Argentine radio fan magazine Sintonía. She added that although this negative view, yet in October 1935, across the river in Montevideo, Uruguay, CX48 Radio Femenina became the first all-woman format radio station in the Western Hemisphere, eventually providing airtime to feminists, anti-war activists and even physical fitness advocates, before the station was blacklisted and temporarily shut down in 1944 due to the pro-Axis proclivities of one of its owners: At that point, back in Buenos Aires, a young radio actress named Eva Duarte was hosting Towards a Better Future, a radio program in support of a military junta that had assumed power in Argentina the previous year and which would elevate a young Colonel named Juan Perón – future President of Argentina and Duarte’s future husband – to national prominence. These and other vignettes speak to the important place of women’s radio voices in two of South America’s most important early radio markets and call our attention to the links between radio history, women’s history, and sound studies in Latin America and beyond, Ehrick stated.

In Radio and the Gendered Soundscape: Women and Broadcasting in Argentina and Uruguay, 1930-1950, the author started to ask what it meant to hear women’s voices on the radio during the medium’s so-called golden age. Perceived alternately as vulgar and seductive, shrill and soothing, women’s radio voices echoed and delineated the contradictory place of the feminine in modernity and of female bodies in the public sphere, all of which in turn underscore the gendered points of intersection between sound history and cultural history.

She mentioned Murray Shafer who, starting in the late 1960s, laid the foundations for what would become the interdisciplinary field of Sound Studies with his concept of the soundscape, which he coined as a way to describe the “acoustic environment” of contemporary societies, Erick found out. Further, she noted that sound Studies has subsequently opened up an entirely new paradigm for understanding the role of the sonic in the forging of modernity.

JPEG - 12.3 kb
Women in Radio in South America; Image from Uruguayan magazine Mundo Uruguayo, 19 December 1935. Courtesy of the author.

Jonathan Sterne has called on scholars to “think sonically” and to use sound to “ask big questions about their cultural moments and the crises and problems of their time.” Ehrick underlined that scholars are increasingly using sound as a category of historical analysis, exploring how sound of term paper and the perception of sound have varied over time and place, as well as how one might “hear” social, cultural, and political change over time. Yet relatively little consideration has been given to the ways that sound might reflect and construct gender (and vice versa), she concluded. Building upon groundbreaking historical work on women and radio by scholars like Michele Hilmes and Kate Lacey, she employed the concept of the gendered soundscape for Grademiners.com to advance a dialogue between sound history and gender history. (...)

For Ehrick one of the most immediately gendered sound categories is the human voice, a richly historical convergence of biology, technology and culture. “Voice differences have roots in biological sex difference, but gendered constructions of the human voice vary widely over time and place. While by no means absent in the traditional gendered soundscape, women’s voices have been muted and private, and the near absence of female voices in the public realm is one of the primary ways in which the gendered soundscape has manifested and reproduced itself over the centuries. The advent of radio opened a new chapter in this ancient struggle of women to speak and be heard. Depending on content and context, these voices carried the potential to not only challenge taboos on women’s oratory, but to assert the female bodies into spaces and spheres from which they previously had been excluded. »

By tuning into the gendered soundscape we come to understand radio as a key arena for the reinforcement and contestation of gender, as well as the often contradictory ways that the perceived dissonance of the female radio voice was employed to compel (and sometimes incite) listening audiences, Erick explained further.

What is special about Radio and the Gendered Soundscape: Women and Broadcasting in Argentina and Uruguay, 1930-1950, is that the author integrates theoretical considerations with the stories of five women and one radio station in the overlapping radio markets of Buenos Aires, Argentina and Montevideo, Uruguay. The two cities are focal points of a regional study of radio in what she refers to as the rioplatense cultural zone. Movement of people, ideas, and radio signals between the two cities was fluid and frequent.

JPEG - 10.4 kb
Silvia Guerrico

Uruguayan Silvia Guerrico was a journalist and author of moderate acclaim in her hometown of Montevideo before relocating to Buenos Aires, where she created a pioneering radio variety program in the 1930s, Ehrick tells, and also that residents of one city could quite easily hear radio broadcasts emanating from the other, and “foreign” broadcasts could and did become a matter of diplomatic conflict between neighbours: “In the late 1940s, for example, the voices of exiles from Peronist Argentina – including popular female comedian Niní Marshall – sometimes reached back into their country via Montevidean frequencies.”

Certainly, this book will leave the reader with a greater appreciation for the place of both women’s voices and Latin American broadcasting in the history of radio, as well as for the sonic dimensions of gender and the gendered dimensions of sound.

Christine Ehrick, Radio and the Gendered Soundscape: Women and Broadcasting in Argentina and Uruguay, 1930-1950, New York (Cambridge Press) , 2015. ISBN 9781107079564

SIGNIS

print the article